Is there a Creator and who is Allah?

Who is Allah?

Allah is the per­son­al name of God in Ara­bic. Some of the biggest mis­con­cep­tions that many non-Mus­lims have about Islam have to do with the word “Allah”. Let there be no doubt — Mus­lims wor­ship the God of Noah, Abra­ham, Moses, David and Jesus — peace be upon them all. How­ev­er, it is cer­tain­ly true that Jews, Chris­tians, and Mus­lims all have dif­fer­ent con­cepts of Almighty God. For exam­ple, Mus­lims — like Jews — reject the Chris­tian beliefs of the Trin­i­ty and the Divine Incar­na­tion. Judaism, Chris­tian­i­ty, and Islam all claim to be “Abra­ham­ic Faiths” and all of them are also clas­si­fied as “monothe­is­tic”. How­ev­er, Islam teach­es that oth­er reli­gions have, in one way or anoth­er, dis­tort­ed and nul­li­fied a pure and prop­er belief in Almighty God by neglect­ing His true teach­ings and mix­ing them with man-made ideas.


3 Reasons for God

There are many ratio­nal rea­sons for believ­ing in God. This arti­cle will briefly explain three sim­ple rea­sons for God’s exis­tence.

Order in the Universe

When we reflect upon the nature of our world, we see order every­where from the water cycle to the move­ment of the earth around the sun. Com­ment­ing on the order found in the uni­verse, the physi­cist Stephen Hawk­ing explains that the over­whelm­ing impres­sion ‘is one of order, the more we dis­cov­er about the uni­verse, the more we find that it is gov­erned by ratio­nal laws.”[1]. This obser­va­tion is shared by the vast major­i­ty of sci­en­tists.

Since the uni­verse has order and is gov­erned by the ‘laws of sci­ence’, we should ques­tion how this order came about. The most effec­tive way to answer this ques­tion is to rea­son to the best con­clu­sion. Take your mobile phone for exam­ple, your phone is made of glass, plas­tic and met­al. Glass comes from sand, plas­tic comes from oil and met­al is extract­ed from the ground. Imag­ine you were walk­ing in a desert (where there is lots of oil, sand and met­als in the ground), and you found a mobile phone lying around. Would you believe that it came togeth­er by itself? That the Sun shone, the wind blew, light­ning struck, the oil bub­bled to the sur­face and mixed with the sand and met­al, and over mil­lions of years the mobile came togeth­er by chance?

No one would believe such an expla­na­tion. A mobile phone is clear­ly some­thing that was put togeth­er in an organ­ised way, so it would be ratio­nal to believe that it must have an organ­is­er. In the same way, when we see the order in the uni­verse, isn’t it ratio­nal to say that the uni­verse has an organ­is­er?

This ‘organ­is­er’ is best explained by the exis­tence of God. God is the one who bought about the order in the uni­verse.

Beginning of the Universe

If some­thing has always exist­ed it doesn’t need a cre­ator. In the first part of the 20th cen­tu­ry some physi­cists held the view that the uni­verse had always exist­ed. If the uni­verse had always exist­ed it wouldn’t need a cre­ator.

How­ev­er, accord­ing to Cos­mol­o­gy the uni­verse had a begin­ning some 14 bil­lion years ago with a cos­mic event com­mon­ly known as the ‘Big Bang’ [2].

Imag­ine you heard a loud bang, and you asked ‘where did that sound come from?’ Would you be sat­is­fied with the answer that it came from ‘noth­ing’ and it ‘just hap­pened?’ Of course not. You would say ‘what was the cause of that loud bang?’ In the same way, ratio­nal­ly the ‘Big Bang’ must also have a cause that bought it about. Now we can ask since the ‘Big Bang’ has a cause, what was the cause of that cause? Then we can ask, what was the cause of that cause? And so on and so on. But this can’t go on forever and must end with a first cause, because of the fol­low­ing exam­ple:

Imag­ine a sniper who has just found his tar­get and calls back to base to get per­mis­sion to shoot. The per­son at the base tells the sniper to hold on while they seek per­mis­sion from some­one else high­er up. So the guy high­er up seeks per­mis­sion from the guy even high­er up and so on and so on. If this goes on forever, will the sniper ever get to shoot the tar­get?

The obvi­ous answer is that he wouldn’t be able to shoot. The only way the sniper can shoot is if some­one gives per­mis­sion with­out ask­ing for any­one else’s per­mis­sion. That per­son would be the first cause of the sniper shoot­ing. In the same way, the Big Bang must have a first cause.

We can con­clude that this first cause must be pow­er­ful as it bought the whole uni­verse into exis­tence, and it must be intel­li­gent as it caused the ‘laws of sci­ence’ which gov­ern the uni­verse. Also, this first cause must be time­less, space­less and imma­te­ri­al, because time, space and mat­ter began at the ‘Big Bang’. Final­ly, since it is uncaused it must have always exist­ed.

All of the­se attrib­ut­es of the first cause make up the basic con­cept of God. God is the uncre­at­ed first cause of the uni­verse.

Human Nature

Through­out the his­to­ry of the world, the major­i­ty of peo­ple have believed in God. There seems to be some­thing built in the human mind that makes us want to believe.

Over the last decade some real­ly star­tling facts have been found that show that chil­dren have an innate belief in God. Dr Justin Bar­rett, a senior researcher at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Oxford Cen­tre for Anthro­pol­o­gy and Mind, states ‘œThe pre­pon­der­ance of sci­en­tific evi­dence for the past 10 years or so has shown that a lot more seems to be built into the nat­u­ral devel­op­ment of children’s minds than we once thought, includ­ing a pre­dis­po­si­tion to see the nat­u­ral world as designed and pur­pose­ful and that some kind of intel­li­gent being is behind that pur­pose…’ He adds that ‘œIf we threw a hand­ful [of chil­dren] on an island and they raised themselves…they would believe in God’.[3]. To put it sim­ply, his answer as to why any­one would believe in God is that, our minds are designed to do so [4]. Dis­be­lief in God is some­thing which is unnat­u­ral to the human being. Oxford Uni­ver­si­ty devel­op­ment psy­chol­o­gist Dr Oliv­era Petro­vich, who is an expert in the Psy­chol­o­gy of Reli­gion states that, belief in God devel­ops nat­u­ral­ly and that ‘athe­ism is def­i­nite­ly an acquired posi­tion’ [5].

So where did this nat­u­ral belief in a cre­ator come from? We can’t say it is taught by soci­ety as this belief is innate, and stud­ies show that it is inde­pen­dent of soci­etal pres­sures and is cross-cul­tur­al [6].

The best expla­na­tion for this belief is that God has put this into humanity.You have just read three inde­pen­dent rea­sons why it makes sense to believe in God. Belief in God is not only ratio­nal but it’s also part of human nature. There are many ques­tions raised by the exis­tence of God, such as why is there evil and suf­fer­ing in the world? Doesn’t evo­lu­tion dis­prove God? Do we have a pur­pose in life? For answers to the­se and oth­er such ques­tions please click on the oth­er arti­cles in this sec­tion.

References

[1] Antony Flew, There Is a God: How the World’s Most Noto­ri­ous Athe­ist Changed His Mind

[2] Derek Raine, An Intro­duc­tion to Sci­ence of Cos­mol­o­gy (Astron­o­my & Astro­physics)

[3] Justin L. Bar­rett, Why Would Any­one Believe in God?

[4] http://www.cam.ox.ac.uk/publications-original/why-would-anyone-believe-in-god/

[5] Dr Oliv­era Petro­vich, Childs The­o­ry of World

[6] Justin L. Bar­rett, Jonathan A. Lan­man, The Sci­ence of Reli­gious Beliefs