In the Name of Allah, the Most Gra­cious, the Most Mer­ci­ful.

As-salā­mu ‘alaykum wa-rah­mat­ul­lāhi wa-barakā­tuh (Peace, Bless­ings & Mer­cy of Allah be upon You).

This state­ment is being issued on the 01st of May 2017  and super­sedes all pre­vi­ous state­ments on the sub­ject.

This rul­ing is based on the Hanafi Mad­hab which is fol­lowed by a large num­ber of Mus­lims in Britain. There are vari­ances in the cal­cu­la­tions for oth­er Schools of Jurispru­dence, please con­tact your local Mosque for details. It is our opin­ion that £2.00/per per­son should suf­fi­cient­ly dis­charge the oblig­a­tion of Fitrana for Ramad­han 1438 (2017).

What is Sadaqah al-fitr (Fitrana)?

It is a spe­cial kind of char­i­ty which is an oblig­a­tion upon all Mus­lims dur­ing the month of Ramad­han. It puri­fies the fast­ing per­son from any inde­cent act or speech. In the Hanafi Mad­hab, it is an oblig­a­tion upon every male and female Mus­lim who pos­sess­es any assets sur­plus to basic needs. Each male and female Mus­lim is respon­si­ble to give Fitrana when they are (finan­cial­ly) eli­gi­ble to do so. If the hus­band gives it on behalf of his wife or (mature) chil­dren, it will be dis­charged even if done with­out their per­mis­sion. Father (or a guardian) will need to dis­charge the oblig­a­tion on behalf of minor chil­dren.

Where and how should it be given?

It is the unan­i­mous opin­ion of Schol­ars that since it is a spe­cial (kind) of char­i­ty, it can­not be giv­en to any char­i­ta­ble cause. Fitrana must be treat­ed like Zakah and spent on caus­es which are appro­pri­ate for the Zakah.

Please per­form the due dili­gence and ensure that Fitrana is donat­ed to a cause or char­i­ty which has con­trols in places to spend your dona­tion as Zakah.

When should it be given?

It becomes com­pul­so­ry to pay the Fitrana with the break of dawn on the day of Eid. Fitrana can be dis­charged before Ramad­han, but it is cau­tious to pay it after Ramad­han has start­ed and it is Mus­ta­hab (prefer­able) to pay after Subh-Sadiq (true dawn) on the day of Eidul-Fitr. Since the pur­pose is to ben­e­fit the poor, it is ide­al to pay it before the actu­al Eid prayers thus allow­ing enough time for it to reach the poor and the needy.

What is the classical amount of Sadaqah al-fitr (Fitrana)?

The tex­tu­al basis for Fitrana is in a num­ber of say­ings of Prophet Muham­mad (Peace be upon Him). Pri­ma­ry evi­dences are as fol­lows:

Abdul­lah Ibn ‘Umar (RA) nar­rates, ‘Prophet Muham­mad (Peace be upon Him) enjoined the pay­ment of one Saa’ of dates or one Saa’ of bar­ley as Zakat-ul-fitr on every Mus­lim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the peo­ple went out to offer the ‘Eid prayer.’ [Al-Bukhari]

Abdul­lah Ibn ‘Umar (RA) reports that Prophet Muham­mad (Peace be upon Him) instruct­ed us to give Sadaqah al-fitr of one saa’ of dates or one saa’ of bar­ley.  Abdul­lah Ibn ‘Umar men­tions that the Sahabah lat­er gave two mud (½ Sa’) of wheat in place of dates and bar­ley. [Al-Bukhari]

The clas­si­cal and mod­ern equiv­a­lent of these mea­sures are as fol­lows as under­stood in the Hanafi Mad­hab 1  :

  1. Wheat: The clas­si­cal amount is ½ Saa, it is equiv­a­lent to approx­i­mate­ly 1.667 Kilo­grams;
  2. Bar­ley: The clas­si­cal amount is 1 Saa, it is equiv­a­lent to approx­i­mate­ly 3.334  Kilo­grams;
  3. Raisins: The clas­si­cal amount is 1 Saa, it is equiv­a­lent to approx­i­mate­ly 3.334  Kilo­grams;
  4. Dates: The clas­si­cal amount is 1 Saa, it is equiv­a­lent to approx­i­mate­ly 3.334  Kilo­grams.

In the Hanafi Mad­hab, the cash equiv­a­lent (or retaill val­ue) can be giv­en instead of the actu­al grain itself. 2

It is our opin­ion that the flour made by grind­ing the uncooked cere­al grains is the same as the grain itself when cal­cu­lat­ing Fitrana. Many of our col­leagues and con­tem­po­rary Schol­ars dis­agree and believe that the cash equiv­a­lent of the grain itself (and not the flour) should be con­sid­ered. This explains the vari­ance in Fitrana amount set by Mosques and Insti­tu­tions in Britain. This year we have tak­en the view of our col­leagues for cal­cu­lat­ing the Fitrana amount, although if a per­son cal­cu­lates based on flour, the oblig­a­tion will be dis­charged.

What is the cash equivalent of Sadaqah al-fitr (Fitrana) in Britain for Ramadhan 2017?

It is our opin­ion that £2.00/per per­son should suf­fi­cient­ly dis­charge the oblig­a­tion of Fitrana for Ramad­han 1438 (2017). This amount cov­ers the var­i­ous dif­fer­ences of opin­ions amongst con­tem­po­rary British Schol­ars. It will be praise­wor­thy and vir­tu­ous to give an amount high­er than the min­i­mum amount sug­gest­ed by us.

Local Schol­ars may dif­fer based on local prices, we have tak­en a Nation­al view and our rec­om­men­da­tion is for all Mus­lims in Britain. The field research was con­duct­ed across var­i­ous cities of Unit­ed King­dom and we have con­sid­ered all prices and used the best approx­i­mat­ed pos­si­ble.

 

ItemPrice (Per KG) [£]Weight (KG)Fitrana (Amount) [£]
Flour
0.341.6670.57
Flour-Medi­um
0.441.6670.74
Flour-Fine
0.521.6670.87
Wheat
1.181.6671.97
Bar­ley
1.003.3343.35
Dates (ASDA)
3.763.33412.54
Dates (Qal­mi)
7.003.33423.34
Date (Ajwa)
22.003.33473.35
Dry Dates
2.253.3347.51

What is Fidya (for missing Fasts) and what is the amount?

If a per­son is ill to such an extent that they are unable to fast, they are excused from fast­ing. When they recov­er from ill­ness, they will be expect­ed to make Qad­ha i.e. make up the missed fasts. If the ill­ness is per­ma­nent and/or ter­mi­nal and there is no hope of recov­ery, they must pay Fidya for each missed fast. The val­ue of Fidya is the same as Fitrana.

If the rea­son for miss­ing the fasts is removed (i.e. the per­son recov­ers) it will not be per­mis­si­ble to pay Fidya and Qad­ha of the missed fasts needs to be done. If the per­son is near death and unable to make Qad­ha (of the missed fasts), it will be oblig­a­tory to make a will for the Fidya to be paid for the missed fasts. It is sin­ful to not make a will for Fidya to be made for the missed fasts.

If after giv­ing the Fidya, the per­son recov­ers and regains enough strength to fast then they will be expect­ed to make Qad­ha i.e. make up the missed fasts. The Fidya giv­en will be count­ed as Nafil (option­al char­i­ty) and will be a means of rewards since the fasts have been made up. Fidya must be giv­en dur­ing Ramad­han but the per­son has the choice to give it in the begin­ning of the month or can give it alto­geth­er in the end.

Endorsements

  1. (Shaykhul-Hadeeth) Ayub Bande Ilahi
  2. (Maulana) Margh­goob Ahmed Lajpuri
  3. (Mufti) Yusuf Sacha
  4. (Mufti) Ismail Kacholvi
  5. (Mufti) Musa Badat
  6. (Mufti) Zubair Dud­ha
  7. (Qari) Muham­mad Shoy­aib Nur­gat
  8. (Mufti) Mohammed Ash­faq
  9. (Mufti) Zakariyya Aku­di
  10. (Maulana) Yusuf Mama
  11. (Mufti) Yusuf Dan­ka
  12. (Mufti) Amjad Mohammed
  13. (Qad­hi) Imran Sayed
  14. (Maulana) Ahmad Sarkar
  15. (Mufti) Amin Pan­dor
  16. (Maulana) Hashim Sacha
  17. (Maulana) Mohammed Saeed Mul­la
  18. (Maulana) Hashim Rawat
  19. (Maulana) Yusuf Aku­di
  20. (Maulana) Suli­man Bodiy­at
  21. (Maulana) Shab­bir See­dat
  22. (Maulana) Abdul-Hai See­dat
  23. (Maulana) Musa Gora
  24. (Maulana) Mush­taq Bal­akh­di
  25. (Mufti) Javed Pathan
  26. (Mufti) Abidur-Rah­man Molvi
  27. (Maulana) Abdul-Aww­al Molvi
  28. (Maulana) Mohammed Farook Kazi
  29. (Maulana) Imran Lunat
  30. (Maulana) Afzal Wali Mul­la
  31. (Maulana) Sulaiman Mak­da
  32. (Maulana) Tariq Mah­mood
  33. (Maulana) Fareed Patel
  34. (Maulana) Iftikhar Hus­sain
  35. (Maulana) Yousaf Baig
  36. (Maulana) Sohail Bawa
  37. (Maulana) Habibul­lah Mun­shi
  38. (Maulana) Suli­man Gani
  39. (Maulana) Irfan Soni
  40. (Maulana) Ibra­heem Patel
  41. (Maulana) Arif Pol­li
  42. (Maulana) Imti­az Kamal
  43. (Maulana) Amin Sadak
  44. (Maulana) Nausar­ka
  45. Wide­ly cir­cu­lat­ed, reviewed and endorsed by many oth­er British Schol­ars.

Frequently Asked Questions?

What is the amount which you have set for Unit­ed King­dom?

We deem Fitrana/Fidya to be £2.00 per per­son for Ramad­han 1438 (2017).

When should I pay it?

Fitrana should be dis­charged ide­al­ly after Ramad­han has start­ed and before Subh-Sadiq (true dawn) on the day of Eidul-Fitr. Since the pur­pose is to ben­e­fit the poor, it is ide­al to pay it before the actu­al Eid prayers. It is even bet­ter to ensure that the funds reach the needy before Eidul-Fitr and in advance for them to make good use of the dona­tions.

Where did you con­duct your research for obtain­ing the prices for this press release?

We con­duct­ed our research and checked the prices in Lon­don, Leices­ter, Birm­ing­ham, Wolver­hamp­ton, Cardiff, Black­burn, Bat­ley, Dews­bury and Glas­gow.

How did you then reach the deci­sion of set­ting the rates for Unit­ed King­dom?

We looked at the high­est (retail) price for Wheat across all the cities in our research, took the price of £1.18/KG and then mul­ti­plied it by 1.667 KG. We then round­ed the fig­ure to £2.00.

Have you looked at and reviewed the research of oth­er British Ula­ma on the top­ic?

Alhum­do­lil­lah, there is good work and coop­er­a­tion between Schol­ars in our coun­try. We have shared our find­ings with our Ula­ma and they have shared their find­ings with us. Schol­ars may have dif­fer­ences (of opin­ions) but we all work togeth­er for the ben­e­fit of British Mus­lims.

I don’t live in Unit­ed King­dom but can I use your Fitrana?

No, we rec­om­mend that you con­sult your local Schol­ars and seek their advice. Local research in the coun­try of your res­i­dence should be con­duct­ed, you can use the tem­plate as the basis of your research.

What if I wish to pay with the actu­al grain rather than the cash equiv­a­lent?

The actu­al cal­cu­la­tions are based on Grain so your oblig­a­tion will be dis­charged and it will be supe­ri­or. In Unit­ed King­dom it is hard to find peo­ple who accept Grain (instead of Cash) but if you have found an organ­i­sa­tion or indi­vid­u­als who deal in (actu­al) Grain, please pro­ceed.

Why have you set the amount to be so low? Why didn’t you use a high­er esti­mate?

Fitrana is used not only for Ramad­han but also for Fidya. There­fore, the needs of indi­vid­ual vary and we can­not set exor­bi­tant­ly high amounts as it may cause undue hard­ship.

What is the pri­ma­ry fac­tor in some com­mu­ni­ties hav­ing a Fitrana which is much low­er than yours?

There is a dif­fer­ence of opin­ion amongst Ula­ma if wheat flour or (actu­al) wheat grain should be used for Fitrana. This year after exten­sive dis­cus­sions with Schol­ars, we have opt­ed to use wheat (grain) for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fitrana to avoid con­fu­sion for the Mus­lims in Britain.

We have adopt­ed the opin­ion of our col­leagues and con­tem­po­raries although we still believe that using wheat (flour) instead of what (grain) is the bet­ter opin­ion. British Mus­lims pri­mar­i­ly use wheat (flour) in their house­holds and not many fam­i­lies buy wheat (grain) and then grind it into flour.

It is also pos­si­ble that in some local­i­ties in Britain the price for wheat grain is sig­nif­i­cant­ly cheap­er. We have attempt­ed to address the issue at a Nation­al lev­el.

What is the pri­ma­ry fac­tor in some com­mu­ni­ties hav­ing a Fitrana which is much high­er than yours?

In addi­tion to the dif­fer­ence high­light­ed above, Ula­ma have also dif­fered upon the weight of ½ Saa.  The esti­mates of Ula­ma range from 1.106 KG to 2.32 KG. It is pos­si­ble that Ula­ma in oth­er com­mu­ni­ties have opt­ed for a high­er val­ue.

Why do Ula­ma dif­fer in inter­pret­ing the weight of ½ Saa or 1 Saa?

½ Saa  or 1 Saa is a mea­sure­ment of a con­tain­er (i.e. three dimen­sion­al space or vol­ume). Imag­ine that you were asked to fill a box with wheat and then anoth­er per­son was asked to fill a box with wheat. If the sizes of the box­es are dif­fer­ent, the vol­ume of wheat in each con­tain­er will be dif­fer­ent. Today, we mea­sure wheat in weight and we know what 1 KG or 100 KG of wheat means. The hon­ourable and respect­ed Ula­ma inter­pret the vol­ume (of the con­tain­er) used in the blessed times of Prophet Muham­mad (peace be upon Him) dif­fer­ent­ly there­fore the weight (of grain) inside the con­tain­er is also inter­pret­ed dif­fer­ent­ly.

Does the price for wheat dif­fer sig­inif­i­cant­ly in Britain?

Yes. We found the whole­sale price for 20 KG to be around 0.60/KG but wheat (grain) is not a high vol­ume (sale item) with­in the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty. Retail­ers add a prof­it mar­gin depend­ing on the loca­tion and sale opportunity.It is the retail price which needs to be con­sid­ered for cal­cu­la­tions.

Why didn’t you adopt 2.32 KG for ½ Saa as it is the high­est val­ue for cau­tion?

In our opin­ion it is too high and ½ Saa can­not be equal to 2.32 KG. We under­stand the respect the opin­ion of Ula­ma who have adopt­ed this opin­ion but we deem it to be high. We can­not adopt a val­ue sim­ply because it hap­pens to be the high­est val­ue, there has to be a valid Shari­ah rea­son for the weight. More­over, since Fitrana is also Fidya we believe that set­ting it too high may cause unnec­es­sary hard­ship.

What will hap­pen if I (still) choose to use wheat (flour) to pay my Fitrana?

We believe that using wheat flour (instead of) wheat (grain) for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fitrana is per­mis­si­ble, there­fore your oblig­a­tion will be dis­charged.

What will hap­pen if I choose to use the cheap­est flour price which is local­ly avail­able to me?  

Your oblig­a­tion will be dis­charged.

I think that your esti­mates are too low and it should be high­er, what should I do?

Fitrana is giv­en on wheat (flour), wheat (grain), bar­ley, raisins and dates. Masha’Allah, if Allah Ta’ala has giv­en you (finan­cial) abun­dance, use the most expen­sive dates and you should pay your Fitrana using it as a finan­cial esti­mate.

  1. محمد عن يعقوب عن أبي حنيفة ( رضي الله عنهم ) في صدقة الفطر قال فيه نصف صاع من بر أو دقيق أو سويق أو زبيب أو صاع من تمر أو صاع من شعير وقال أبو يوسف ومحمد ( رحمهما الله ) الزبيب بمنزلة الشعير وروى الحسن بن زياد ( رحمه الله ) في المجرد عن أبي حنيفة رضي الله عنه انه قال صاع من زبيب مثل قولهما
  2. فَإِنْ أَعْطَى قِيمَةَ الْحِنْطَةِ جَازَ عِنْدَنَا ; لِأَنَّ الْمُعْتَبَرَ حُصُولُ الْغِنَى وَذَلِكَ يَحْصُلُ بِالْقِيمَةِ كَمَا يَحْصُلُ بِالْحِنْطَةِ ، وَعِنْدَ الشَّافِعِيِّ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لَا يَجُوزُ ، وَأَصْلُ الْخِلَافِ فِي الزَّكَاةِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْأَعْمَشُ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى يَقُولُ : أَدَاءُ الْحِنْطَةِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ أَدَاءِ الْقِيمَةِ ; لِأَنَّهُ أَقْرَبُ إلَى امْتِثَالِ الْأَمْرِ وَأَبْعَدُ عَنْ اخْتِلَافِ الْعُلَمَاءِ فَكَانَ الِاحْتِيَاطُ فِيهِ ، وَكَانَ الْفَقِيهُ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى يَقُولُ : أَدَاءُ الْقِيمَةِ أَفْضَلُ ; لِأَنَّهُ أَقْرَبُ إلَى مَنْفَعَةِ الْفَقِيرِ فَإِنَّهُ يَشْتَرِي بِهِ لِلْحَالِ مَا يَحْتَاجُ إلَيْهِ ، وَالتَّنْصِيصُ عَلَى الْحِنْطَةِ وَالشَّعِيرِ كَانَ ; لِأَنَّ الْبِيَاعَاتِ فِي ذَلِكَ الْوَقْتِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ يَكُونُ بِهَا فَأَمَّا فِى دِيَارِنَا الْبِيَاعَاتُ تُجْرَى بِالنُّقُودِ ، وَهِيَ أَعَزُّ الْأَمْوَالِ فَالْأَدَاءُ مِنْهَا أَفْضَلُ ( ص: 108)