In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh (Peace, Blessings & Mercy of Allah be upon You).
- Cities are listed in Alphabetic order.
- When a timetable is made available, the name of the city will appear in Red.
- Please send us an email on email@example.com to have the timetable listed for your city.
- Salah Calculations are done as follows:
- Fajar: 18 degrees is used to determine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn). When 18 degrees time is not available due to perpetual twilight, the principle method employed is Aqrabul-Ayyam (i.e. the last day when 18 degree time is available is used until 18 degrees becomes available again). However, using the exact last day causes problems particularly during leap year so the day immediately before the last is used in consultation with Scholars.
- Dhohar: 4 minutes have been added to Zawal time to determine the start.
- Asar (Shaf’ae): This is calculated when the shadow of an object becomes equal to its shadow at Zawal plus the original length of the object.
- Asar (Hanafi): This is calculated when the shadow of an object becomes equal to its shadow at Zawal plus twice the original length of the object.
- Maghrib (Iftaar): 4 minutes have been added to sunsetl time to determine the start.
- Esha: 18 degrees is used to determine the start. However, due to perpetual twilight and due to the Salah being late one seventh of the night is also calculated. British Scholars agree that Esha gets too late during Summer months but there is no consensus on the alternative. We have compared 18 degrees and one seventh (1/7th of the night) and used the earlier times throughout the year.
- West Bromwich
- Burton upon Trent
- Stoke on Trent
- Coatbridge and Airdrie
- East Kilbride
Frequently Asked Questions:
Question: Your timetable differs from my local Masjid, why is that?
Only Allah Ta’ala has the knowledge of the unseen, we have no idea!
Question:Sorry about an incomplete question. What I meant to say is that you can help me determine the reasons for the differences?
InshaAllah and with pleasure. We have explained our prayer times are derived and the latitude and longitude of the location is on each page of the timetable. You need to ask your Mosque about the location (i.e. latitude and longitude) they have used and their methods. You will either discover the reasons or be able to send us a more complete question.
Question: Why have you given two different Asar times on your timetable?
There is a difference of opinion amongst Scholars of different Madhahib on Asar times and in order to provide a service to Muslims of differing schools of thought both times have been provided. You should consult your local Scholars and adopt the recommended time, if you are unable to consult a local scholar or check with your local Imam, use Asar (Hanafi) time.
Question: Why does your Fajar start differ from OpenFajr times when they have used Cameras to capture Fajar times?
We would like to begin by extending our gratitude to you for asking this question. May Allah (SWT) give you the best of rewards (Ameen).
We would like to also extend our gratitude to Dr Shahid Merali and his team for their hard work in generating Interest amongst British Muslims. We particularly like the fact that the background of the research and data is easily accessible for scrutiny.
The fundamental flaw is that Birmingham is located in one of the most light polluted areas of United Kingdom. The start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) is based upon differentiating the first rays of light. OpenFajr is not using any specialised equipment which can account for the light pollution. It is not possible to determine (emerging) rays of light when light already exists!
We have never come across a study which tries to determine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) in a city. The first rule is to move away from light pollution and then study the phenomenon.
Our concerns have been communicated to Dr Shahid Merali, see map of Birmingham (light pollution) below:
Question: Why does your Fajar start differ from the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf, who goes by the pen-name of Talib al-Habib?
The research by Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf is even better! We have rarely come across such detailed, lucid and beautifully elaborated work in any language and may Allah Ta’ala reward him abundantly for his effort and hard work.
However, we have two major concerns with his research which we have communicated to him:
- He research is based upon the hypothesis that astronomical twilight varies according to latitude, i.e. astronomical twilight degree will differ between Karachi and London. He does quote evidence for his position, however this is disputed with and disagreed by scientists the world over. Consequently, the evidence sited by him has weakness.
- His opinion is based on Tabayyun (for the determination of Fajar) which he admits to be a weaker opinion in the Hanafi Madhab. We deem Tabayyun (for the determination of Fajar) to be not weak but wrong.
Question: What is your recommendation to correctly determine the start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn)?
We agree with the crux of the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf that more observational data (Mushahadah) is needed for United Kingdom. The location to observe must be carefully chosen so the observation is not ruined by light pollution. Until then we recommend 18 degrees as per the near unanimous consensus of Islamic Scholars (the world over).