In the Name of Allah, the Most Gra­cious, the Most Mer­ci­ful.

As-salā­mu ‘alaykum wa-rah­mat­ul­lāhi wa-barakā­tuh (Peace, Bless­ings & Mer­cy of Allah be upon You).

This state­ment is being reis­sued on the 22nd of March 2020 at 16:00, and super­sedes all pre­vi­ous state­ments on the sub­ject. These detailed dis­cus­sions have tak­en place between Ula­mā and Health experts over the last 24 hours and we have explored all pos­si­ble avenues from many per­spec­tives in reach­ing this deci­sion. We have also reviewed and con­sid­ered the guid­ance of Senior Ula­mā reached in their sum­mit on the 21st of March 2020 Jamiat­ul Ilm Wal Huda (Black­burn).

These restric­tions will be reviewed reg­u­lar­ly and fur­ther guid­ance will be issued as and when nec­es­sary.

This advi­so­ry will be updat­ed once the guid­ance from Pub­lic Health Eng­land and the sub­se­quent deci­sion of the Ula­mā changes.

All Mosques in Britain who chose to fol­low this advice, must fol­low it in its entire­ty and the restric­tion rec­om­men­da­tions. Please DO NOT take these rec­om­men­da­tions and apply them par­tial­ly OR with­out ade­quate­ly edu­cat­ing your com­mu­ni­ties. The Mosque com­mit­tees need to work at the grass­roots lev­el to calm their com­mu­ni­ties, and edu­cate them on these mea­sures and why they are being tak­en.

Advi­so­ry for Mosques

There has been fun­da­men­tal shift in the past few days towards self-iso­la­tion and social dis­tanc­ing. Mus­lims (in line with oth­ers) in Britain should stay at home and should not emerge unless it is absolute­ly essen­tial and nec­es­sary. When there is a need to emerge, appro­pri­ate pre­cau­tions as advised by Pub­lic Health Eng­land should be tak­en.

While we are iso­lat­ed at homes, it is nec­es­sary for our homes to con­tin­ue to be bea­cons of light and guid­ance. In these try­ing times, it is more nec­es­sary than ever to turn towards Allāh Ta’āla in repen­tance, and stren­u­ous­ly engage in acts of wor­ship, char­i­ty and prayers for every­one. In addi­tion, every­one is urged to pro­vide sup­port to each oth­er in the com­mu­ni­ties so we can all get through these try­ing times.

We will emerge from this pan­dem­ic, but let’s all stand togeth­er and face this chal­lenge with uni­ty and dis­ci­pline while keep­ing true to the teach­ings of our reli­gion.

Due to the urgency, the need and strict­ness of the iso­la­tion, it is acknowl­edged that nor­mal con­gre­ga­tion­al activ­i­ties with­in the Mosque can­not con­tin­ue. Thus the advi­so­ry for the Mosque has been revised as fol­lows:

    1. All Mosque activ­i­ties includ­ing pub­lic con­gre­ga­tions Salāh should be sus­pend­ed until fur­ther notice. How­ev­er, use the Radio trans­mit­ters or the Inter­net to con­tin­ue to edu­cate the British Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ties. We urge Schol­ars to increase live inter­ac­tions using Social Media (i.e. Face­book, Twit­ter, YouTube etc) and oth­er tech­ni­cal aids at their dis­pos­al.
    2. Activ­i­ties relat­ing to chil­dren and the Mak­tab can also con­tin­ue remote­ly. We have reviewed sev­er­al tools which can be used for this pur­pose.
    3. We advise that due to iso­la­tion guide­lines, a select few indi­vid­u­als should be des­ig­nat­ed to con­tin­ue with con­gre­ga­tion­al Fardh (oblig­a­tory) Salāh and Jumuāh (Fri­day) prayers in the Mosque. The min­i­mum con­gre­ga­tion require­ment for Jumuāh (Fri­day) prayers is 4 adult (male) indi­vid­u­als i.e. Imām + 3 (oth­ers). Sunnāh and oth­er non-oblig­a­tory prayers should be done at Home.
    4. Those who are iso­lat­ed at home should pray the Dho­har Salāh on Fri­day instead of Jumuāh.
    5. Con­tin­ue to call the Adhān for five times dai­ly con­gre­ga­tion­al prayers and the Jumuāh (Fri­day) prayers with the fol­low­ing change:

حي على الصلاة
حي على الصلاة

حي على الفلاح
حي على الفلاح

The fol­low­ing should be pro­claimed:

صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ

صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ

Health & Safe­ty Caveat:

Those who vol­un­teer to pray with the Imām should be clear of all symp­toms and not be part of Coro­n­avirus (COVID-19) at risk group. They should not be expect­ed to put their own health on the line for the sake of keep­ing the Mosque open. Those who vol­un­tar­i­ly choose to go into ‘Itikāf (Seclu­sion) should do so for the entire dura­tion of the cri­sis. Food and pro­vi­sions will have to be brought to the door. They should not leave to go back to their respec­tive homes.

Con­gre­ga­tion­al Fardh (oblig­a­tory) Salāh Pro­ce­dure:

This is a brief reminder of the Masāil (issues) regard­ing con­gre­ga­tion­al Fardh (oblig­a­tory) Salāh. It should be remem­bered that Salāh done in con­gre­ga­tion is supe­ri­or to Salāh done indi­vid­u­al­ly.

Ibn Umar (RA) nar­rat­ed that Allah’s Mes­sen­ger (Peace be upon Him) said: “Salah in con­gre­ga­tion is twen­ty-sev­en degrees more vir­tu­ous than a man’s Salah alone” 1

Con­gre­ga­tion­al Fardh (oblig­a­tory) Salāh can be divid­ed into 3 main sce­nar­ios when it comes to arrang­ing the rows, as fol­lows:

Sce­nario 1: Imam and one male adult or minor

Ibn Abbas (RA) nar­rat­ed that “I stayed overnight with my mater­nal aunt Maimu­nah, and the Prophet (Peace be upon Him) got up dur­ing the night to per­form prayer. So I got up and stood on his left. He took me by the hand and made me stand on his right.” 2

From this Hādith we learn that if there is an Imām and only one male Muq­ta­di (fol­low­er), it is best to stand to the right of the Imām. It is how­ev­er per­mis­si­ble if nec­es­sary, that the Muq­ta­di (fol­low­er) stands either to the left or behind the Imam. 3

It is prefer­able that the Muq­ta­di (fol­low­er) stands par­al­lel (in line) with the Imām, ensur­ing that he does not advance the Imām, as advanc­ing the Imām will inval­i­date the Salāh of the Muq­ta­di (fol­low­er). Alter­na­tive­ly, he may also stand a lit­tle behind the Imām in a man­ner that the toes of the Muq­ta­di (fol­low­er) are in line with the heal of the Imām. 4

Sis­ters in all cas­es will stand in the row behind the Imām.

Sce­nario 2: Imam and 2 males; adults or minors

Samu­rah bin Jun­dub nar­rat­ed that “Allah’s Mes­sen­ger (Peace be upon Him) ordered us when we were three, that one of us (the Imam) should stand for­ward.” 5

From this Hādith we learn that when there is an Imām and two male Muq­ta­di (fol­low­ers), the Imām will stand in front and the two male Muq­ta­di (fol­low­ers) behind the Imām.

If due to neces­si­ty, for exam­ple a lack of space, the Muq­ta­di (fol­low­er) stand to the right and left of the Imām, then this is also per­mis­si­ble. It has been report­ed that Abdul­lah bin Mas’ud (RA) led Alqamah (RA) and al-Aswad (RA) in prayer. He stood one to his right and the oth­er to his left. He then attrib­uted this to the Prophet.

Sce­nario 3: Imam with two or more males and females

It was nar­rat­ed from Anas bin Malik, that his grand­moth­er Mulaikah (RA) invit­ed the Mes­sen­ger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) to come and eat some food that she had pre­pared for him. Then he said: Anas (RA) nar­rat­ed “Get up and I will lead you in prayer.” Anas (RA) said: “So I got up and brought a reed mat of ours that had turned black from long use, and spread some water on it. The Mes­sen­ger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) stood and the orphan and I stood in a row behind him, and the old woman stood behind us, and he led us in pray­ing two Rak’ahs, then he left.” 6

From this Hādith we learn that when the con­gre­ga­tion is a mix­ture of males and females, the order of rows will be as fol­lows: males, then the chil­dren and then the females. Chil­dren can also be joined with the males due to space restric­tions etc.

Coro­n­avirus (COVID-19) at risk group:

  1. Any­one in their 70s or under 70 with the fol­low­ing con­di­tions;
  2. Any­one being seri­ous­ly over­weight, for exam­ple with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more.
  3. Any­one instruct­ed to get a flu jab as an adult each year on med­ical grounds.
  4. Any­one with an impaired immune sys­tem as the result of con­di­tions such as HIV and AIDS, or med­i­cines such as steroid tablets or chemother­a­py.
  5. Any­one with dia­betes.
  6. Any­one with prob­lems with their spleen, for exam­ple Sick­le Cell dis­ease or have had their spleen removed.
  7. Any­one with under­ly­ing lung con­di­tions or chron­ic (long term) res­pi­ra­to­ry dis­eases such as Asth­ma, chron­ic obstruc­tive pul­monary dis­ease (COPD), emphy­se­ma or bron­chi­tis.
  8. Any­one with chron­ic heart dis­ease such as heart fail­ure.
  9. Any­one with chron­ic kid­ney dis­ease.
  10. Any­one with chron­ic liv­er dis­ease such as hepati­tis.
  11. Any­one with chron­ic neu­ro­log­i­cal con­di­tion such as Parkin­son’s dis­ease, motor neu­ron dis­ease, mul­ti­ple scle­ro­sis (MS), a learn­ing dif­fi­cul­ty or cere­bral pal­sy
  12. Any­one with can­cer.
  13. Those liv­ing with some­one who is in a risk cat­e­go­ry.
  14. Those who can­not avoid being in con­tact with some­one at risk.

Spir­i­tu­al Action Plan

  1. All Mus­lims are urged to turn towards Allāh Ta’āla in repen­tance and seek for­give­ness.
  2. All Mus­lims are urged to incul­cate and adopt the noble and blessed Sunnāh of Prophet Muham­mad (Peace be upon Him) in all aspects of their lives.
  3. All Mus­lims are urged to be par­tic­u­lar­ly dili­gent and atten­tive in their five dai­ly prayers.
  4. All Mus­lims are urged to set aside some time dai­ly in recita­tion of the Qurān and engage in Dhīkr (remem­brance) and adhkār (lita­nies and invo­ca­tions) which are from the Qurān and the Sunnāh.
  5. There are some spe­cial and par­tic­u­lar Duās from the Sunnāh which should be par­tic­u­lar­ly and fre­quent­ly recit­ed at this time, they are as fol­lows:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الَّذِي لاَ يَضُرُّ مَعَ اسْمِهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلاَ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ، لَمْ يَضُرَّهُ شَيْءٌ‏‏

In the Name of Allāh with Whose Name there is pro­tec­tion against every kind of harm in the earth or in the heav­en, and He is the All-Hear­ing and All- Know­ing

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

I seek refuge in the Per­fect Words of Allāh from the evil of what He has cre­at­ed

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْجُنُونِ وَالْجُذَامِ وَالْبَرَصِ وَسَيِّيءِ الأَسْقَامِ ‏

O Allāh, I seek refuge in You from vitili­go, mad­ness, lep­rosy, and bad dis­eases.

Posi­tion on Mosque, Adhān and con­gre­ga­tion­al Salāh

Mosques are spe­cial places where the Mer­cy and Bless­ings of Allāh Ta’āla descends upon, enrich­ing those who fre­quent them. Each and every step tak­en towards the House of Allāh Ta’āla is mer­i­to­ri­ous and vir­tu­ous. In addi­tion Adhān and con­gre­ga­tion­al Salāh are spe­cial salient fea­tures and man­i­fes­ta­tions of Islm which need to be prac­ticed.

أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ زَائِدَةَ بْنِ قُدَامَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا السَّائِبُ بْنُ حُبَيْشٍ الْكَلاَعِيُّ، عَنْ مَعْدَانَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ الْيَعْمَرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو الدَّرْدَاءِ أَيْنَ مَسْكَنُكَ قُلْتُ فِي قَرْيَةٍ دُوَيْنَ حِمْصَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو الدَّرْدَاءِ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَا مِنْ ثَلاَثَةٍ فِي قَرْيَةٍ وَلاَ بَدْوٍ لاَ تُقَامُ فِيهِمُ الصَّلاَةُ إِلاَّ قَدِ اسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالْجَمَاعَةِ فَإِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُ الذِّئْبُ الْقَاصِيَةَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ السَّائِبُ يَعْنِي بِالْجَمَاعَةِ الْجَمَاعَةَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏

It was nar­rat­ed that Ma’din bin Abi Tal­hah Al-Ya’­muri (RA) said: “Abu Ad-Dar­da (RA) said to me: ‘Where do you live?’ I said: ‘In a town near Hims.’ Abu Ad-Dar­da (RA) said: ‘I heard the Mes­sen­ger of Allāh Ta’āla (Peace be upon Him) say: “There are no three peo­ple in a town or encamp­ment among whom prayer is not estab­lished, but the Dev­il takes con­trol of them. There­fore, stick to the con­gre­ga­tion, for the wolf eats the sheep that strays off on its own.” (One of the nar­ra­tors (As Sa’ib) said: “The con­gre­ga­tion means the con­gre­ga­tion­al prayer.”) [Sunan an-Nasa’i]

We have to review the lat­est med­ical advice and bal­ance it against the teach­ings and com­mand­ments of Islām.

Coro­n­avirus (Covid19) Com­mit­tee 

Names & Roles
Shaykhul-Hadeeth (Maulana) Moham­mad Ayub Bande Ilahi
Mufti Yusuf Sacha
Maulana Marghoob Ahmed Lajpuri
Mufti Zakariyya Aku­di
Mufti Amjad M Mohammed Kakakhayl
(Qari) Muham­mad Shoy­aib Nur­gat
Shaykh Haitham al-Had­dad
The Islam­ic Coun­cil of Europe
Qad­hi Imran Sayyed
Dr Mohammed Abid Yusuf
Dr Syed Muham­mad Rizwan Gillani, GP
Dr Moham­mad Asif
Dr Muham­mad Shah, GP
Dr Abid Hus­sain, Med­ical Con­sul­tant in Anaes­the­sia
Dr Assad Nazir, GP
Dr Malik Sajid Farid, GP
Dr Haseeb Val­li

Coro­n­avirus (Covid19) Advi­so­ry Revi­sion His­to­ry

DateVer­sionHis­to­ry & Changes
17 March 20200.1First Cir­cu­la­tion of Advi­so­ry
18 March 20200.2Word­ing in the advi­sories tweaked and release time changed from 20:00 to 19:00 at the request of some Imams
19 March 20200.3No Change
20 March 20200.4Advi­so­ry added after review­ing Pub­lic Health advi­sories sent by some local cities and coun­cils
21 March 20200.5Advi­so­ry not issued due to ongo­ing delib­er­a­tions between Ula­ma and Health Experts
22 March 20200.6Guid­ance revised after exten­sive dis­cus­sions.

 

 

  1. Tir­mid­hi: 211
  2. Tir­mid­hi: 231
  3. Tuh­fah al-Alma’i: 1/561
  4. Tuh­fah al-Alma’i: 1/561
  5. Tir­mid­hi: 232
  6. Tir­mid­hi: 234