In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh (Peace, Blessings & Mercy of Allah be upon You).

This statement is being reissued on the 9th of September 2020 and supersedes all previous statements on the subject. It is our understanding that the latest restrictions announced by the British Government do not apply to places of worship and the guidance for Mosques remains unchanged. Mosques should continue to fully and comprehensively adhere to all Health and Safety guidelines and safely organise and conduct congregational prayers.


Comprehensive deliberations were held between representatives of Wifaqul Ulama and Islamic Council of Europe on the 9th of July 2020 with regards to congregational Jumu’a prayers for the next day and the daily congregational prayers. The following matters were deliberated and agreed.

  1. The Friday, jumu’a  prayer is one of the key Islamic obligations and Islamic symbols, Allah says, 62:9 “O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew”. Abu Hurayrah and Ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنهم, reported that that they heard the Prophetﷺ  say from his minbar: “People should definitely stop neglecting Jumu’a, or else Allah will most certainly seal their hearts and they will most certainly be among the ghaafileen.” [Sahih Muslim]. According to another ḥadīth the Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever neglects three jumu’a out of negligence will have a seal placed upon his heart.” [Nasa’ī, Abu Da’wūd and Tirmidhi]. Furthermore, the Masājid have been closed for a long period of time and the Muslims have been suffering spiritually as a consequence. Therefore, Masājid committees in particular, and all Muslim in general, should try their absolute upmost to facilitate the establishment of jumu’a  for as many worshippers as they can. It is very likely that one jumu’a  will not be enough to accommodate all the congregations due to the arrangements made in order to follow the restrictions and guidelines provided by local authorities.  Therefore, numerous congregations for the jumu’a prayers should be facilitated after taking the required safety precautions into account.
  2. It was agreed that there should be a separate khaṭīb delivering the khutba and salah for each jumu’a. This is the safest approach from a juristic perspective.  Therefore individuals should be trained and prepared in order to increase the number of congregations.
  3. The khutba length should be adjusted according to circumstances. There might be a need to shorten the khutbah as much as required in order to facilitate numerous jumu’as. The very basic requirement of a each of both khutbahs that make them valid according to all schools of thoughts is to include hamd and thanā (praising and glorification of Allah), the shahādatayn, durūd and salām on the Prophet  ﷺ, simple instructions that can be delivered by an āya of the Qurʾān and ḥadīth. The Ḥanafī school of thought insists that the khutba is to be delivered in Arabic. There are numerous short khutbas available online; please contact if you require any support in locating them.
  4. It was agreed that if the prayer cannot be conducted in the Masājid except by practicing social distancing then the prayer is valid. It is beyond the scope of this letter to detail the proofs behind that.
  5. The obligation of attending the congregational prayer is relaxed when it is likely to cause harm for yourself or others. This is based on a very well known maxim that is strongly founded in the Sharīʿa.  Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):“and do not throw yourselves into destruction” [al-Baqara 2:195]“And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you” [an-Nisa’ 4:29].It was narrated from Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri رضي الله عنه  that the Prophet ﷺ said:“There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.” [al-Hākim 2/57-58].When the person leaves such important ibāda due to a valid excuse, such as illness, he will be granted the reward as if he did it. Abu Mūsā al-Ash’ari رضي الله عنه reported that the Prophet ﷺ said: “If a person gets sick or travels, he will have the same reward as when he was healthy or not travelling.” [al-Bukhari, 2834].

We appeal to all Muslims to be grateful to Allah for permitting us to worship Him in His blessed places. We repent and ask for forgiveness for our shortcomings. We ask Allah to remove this calamity and return the normality we experienced and unfortunately were not appreciative of.

Mufti Amjad Mohammed | Shaykh Haitham al-Haddad

Qārī Mohammed Shoyaib
Mufti Zakariya Akudi
Mufti Zubair Dudha
Shaykh Shaqur ur-Rahman
Shaykh Fraz Farhat
Shaykh Fuad Abdo


Advisory for Mosques

There has been a shift in the past few months from ‘lock down’ to ‘Staying alert and safe’. The changed guidance from the Government and Public Health England in particular should be regularly reviewed and followed by all Mosques.

It is necessary for our homes to continue to be beacons of light and guidance. In these trying times, it is more necessary than ever to turn towards Allāh Ta’āla in repentance, and strenuously engage in acts of worship, charity and prayers for everyone. In addition, everyone is urged to provide support to each other in the communities so we can all get through these trying times.

Insha’Allah, we will emerge from this pandemic, but let’s all stand together and face this challenge with unity and discipline while keeping true to the teachings of our religion.

Thus the advisory for the Mosque has been revised as follows:

    1. Public congregations Salāh should continue while following the latest Health & Safety guidance from the Government. Use the Radio transmitters or the Internet to continue to educate the British Muslim communities. We urge Scholars to increase live interactions using Social Media (i.e. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube etc) and other technical aids at their disposal.
    2. Activities relating to children and the Maktab can also continue and where not feasible, they should continue remotely. We have reviewed several tools which can be used for this purpose.
    3. Sunnāh and other non-obligatory prayers should be done at Home.
    4. Those who are isolated at home should pray the Dhohar Salāh on Friday instead of Jumuāh.

Health & Safety Caveat & Coronavirus (COVID-19) at risk group:

  1. Anyone in their 70s or under 70 with the following conditions;
  2. Anyone being seriously overweight, for example with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more.
  3. Anyone instructed to get a flu jab as an adult each year on medical grounds.
  4. Anyone with an impaired immune system as the result of conditions such as HIV and AIDS, or medicines such as steroid tablets or chemotherapy.
  5. Anyone with diabetes.
  6. Anyone with problems with their spleen, for example Sickle Cell disease or have had their spleen removed.
  7. Anyone with underlying lung conditions or chronic (long term) respiratory diseases such as Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema or bronchitis.
  8. Anyone with chronic heart disease such as heart failure.
  9. Anyone with chronic kidney disease.
  10. Anyone with chronic liver disease such as hepatitis.
  11. Anyone with chronic neurological condition such as Parkinson’s disease, motor neuron disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), a learning difficulty or cerebral palsy
  12. Anyone with cancer.
  13. Those living with someone who is in a risk category.
  14. Those who cannot avoid being in contact with someone at risk.

Spiritual Action Plan

  1. All Muslims are urged to turn towards Allāh Ta’āla in repentance and seek forgiveness.
  2. All Muslims are urged to inculcate and adopt the noble and blessed Sunnāh of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) in all aspects of their lives.
  3. All Muslims are urged to be particularly diligent and attentive in their five daily prayers.
  4. All Muslims are urged to set aside some time daily in recitation of the Qurān and engage in Dhīkr (remembrance) and adhkār (litanies and invocations) which are from the Qurān and the Sunnāh.
  5. There are some special and particular Duās from the Sunnāh which should be particularly and frequently recited at this time, they are as follows:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الَّذِي لاَ يَضُرُّ مَعَ اسْمِهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلاَ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ، لَمْ يَضُرَّهُ شَيْءٌ‏‏

In the Name of Allāh with Whose Name there is protection against every kind of harm in the earth or in the heaven, and He is the All-Hearing and All- Knowing

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

I seek refuge in the Perfect Words of Allāh from the evil of what He has created

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْجُنُونِ وَالْجُذَامِ وَالْبَرَصِ وَسَيِّيءِ الأَسْقَامِ ‏

O Allāh, I seek refuge in You from vitiligo, madness, leprosy, and bad diseases.

Position on Mosque, Adhān and congregational Salāh

Mosques are special places where the Mercy and Blessings of Allāh Ta’āla descends upon, enriching those who frequent them. Each and every step taken towards the House of Allāh Ta’āla is meritorious and virtuous. In addition Adhān and congregational Salāh are special salient features and manifestations of Islm which need to be practiced.

أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ زَائِدَةَ بْنِ قُدَامَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا السَّائِبُ بْنُ حُبَيْشٍ الْكَلاَعِيُّ، عَنْ مَعْدَانَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ الْيَعْمَرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو الدَّرْدَاءِ أَيْنَ مَسْكَنُكَ قُلْتُ فِي قَرْيَةٍ دُوَيْنَ حِمْصَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو الدَّرْدَاءِ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَا مِنْ ثَلاَثَةٍ فِي قَرْيَةٍ وَلاَ بَدْوٍ لاَ تُقَامُ فِيهِمُ الصَّلاَةُ إِلاَّ قَدِ اسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالْجَمَاعَةِ فَإِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُ الذِّئْبُ الْقَاصِيَةَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ السَّائِبُ يَعْنِي بِالْجَمَاعَةِ الْجَمَاعَةَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏

It was narrated that Ma’din bin Abi Talhah Al-Ya’muri (RA) said: “Abu Ad-Darda (RA) said to me: ‘Where do you live?’ I said: ‘In a town near Hims.’ Abu Ad-Darda (RA) said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allāh Ta’āla (Peace be upon Him) say: “There are no three people in a town or encampment among whom prayer is not established, but the Devil takes control of them. Therefore, stick to the congregation, for the wolf eats the sheep that strays off on its own.” (One of the narrators (As Sa’ib) said: “The congregation means the congregational prayer.”) [Sunan an-Nasa’i]

We have to review the latest medical advice and balance it against the teachings and commandments of Islām.


Guidance in case of restrictions on religious places of worship:

It is our guidance that if restrictions on places of worship are reimposed, congregational prayers should be continued by key workers. The instructions in this section will only apply if the restrictions are reimposed.

Those who volunteer to pray with the Imām should be clear of all symptoms and not be part of Coronavirus (COVID-19) at risk group. They should not be expected to put their own health on the line for the sake of keeping the Mosque open.

Mosques should continue to call the Adhān for five times daily congregational prayers and the Jumuāh (Friday) prayers with the following change:

حي على الصلاة
حي على الصلاة

حي على الفلاح
حي على الفلاح

The following should be proclaimed:

صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ

صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ

Congregational Fardh (obligatory) Salāh Procedure:

This is a brief reminder of the Masāil (issues) regarding congregational Fardh (obligatory) Salāh. It should be remembered that Salāh done in congregation is superior to Salāh done individually.

Ibn Umar (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon Him) said: “Salah in congregation is twenty-seven degrees more virtuous than a man’s Salah alone” 1

This guidance (below) is general and not specific to restrictions due to Coronavirus (COVID-19). Congregational Fardh (obligatory) Salāh can be divided into 3 main scenarios when it comes to arranging the rows, as follows:

Scenario 1: Imam and one male adult or minor

Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that “I stayed overnight with my maternal aunt Maimunah, and the Prophet (Peace be upon Him) got up during the night to perform prayer. So I got up and stood on his left. He took me by the hand and made me stand on his right.” 2

From this Hādith we learn that if there is an Imām and only one male Muqtadi (follower), it is best to stand to the right of the Imām. It is however permissible if necessary, that the Muqtadi (follower) stands either to the left or behind the Imam. 3

It is preferable that the Muqtadi (follower) stands parallel (in line) with the Imām, ensuring that he does not advance the Imām, as advancing the Imām will invalidate the Salāh of the Muqtadi (follower). Alternatively, he may also stand a little behind the Imām in a manner that the toes of the Muqtadi (follower) are in line with the heal of the Imām. 4

Females in all cases will stand in the row behind the Imām.

Scenario 2: Imam and 2 males; adults or minors

Samurah bin Jundub narrated that “Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon Him) ordered us when we were three, that one of us (the Imam) should stand forward.” 5

From this Hādith we learn that when there is an Imām and two male Muqtadi (followers), the Imām will stand in front and the two male Muqtadi (followers) behind the Imām.

If due to necessity, for example a lack of space, the Muqtadi (follower) stand to the right and left of the Imām, then this is also permissible. It has been reported that Abdullah bin Mas’ud (RA) led Alqamah (RA) and al-Aswad (RA) in prayer. He stood one to his right and the other to his left. He then attributed this to the Prophet.

Scenario 3: Imam with two or more males and females

It was narrated from Anas bin Malik, that his grandmother Mulaikah (RA) invited the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) to come and eat some food that she had prepared for him. Then he said: Anas (RA) narrated “Get up and I will lead you in prayer.” Anas (RA) said: “So I got up and brought a reed mat of ours that had turned black from long use, and spread some water on it. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) stood and the orphan and I stood in a row behind him, and the old woman stood behind us, and he led us in praying two Rak’ahs, then he left.” 6

From this Hādith we learn that when the congregation is a mixture of males and females, the order of rows will be as follows: Males, then the children and then the females. Children can also be joined with the males due to space restrictions etc.


Coronavirus (Covid19) Advisory Revision History

DateVersionHistory & Changes
17 March 20200.1First Circulation of Advisory
18 March 20200.2Wording in the advisories tweaked and release time changed from 20:00 to 19:00 at the request of some Imams
19 March 20200.3No Change
20 March 20200.4Advisory added after reviewing Public Health advisories sent by some local cities and councils
21 March 20200.5Advisory not issued due to ongoing deliberations between Ulama and Health Experts
22 March 20200.6Guidance revised after extensive discussions.
08 June 20200.7Guidance after reviewing Government proposals for Places of Worship
09 July 20200.8Wifaqul Ulama and Islamic Council of Europe
09 September 20200.9Wifaqul Ulama

 

 

  1. Tirmidhi: 211
  2. Tirmidhi: 231
  3. Tuhfah al-Alma’i: 1/561
  4. Tuhfah al-Alma’i: 1/561
  5. Tirmidhi: 232
  6. Tirmidhi: 234