Salah Times 2024

In the Name of Allāh ﷻ, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh

[4:103] Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.

Salāh is the second pillar of Islām and the most important obligation upon Muslims. It has to be established, meticulously cared for and immaculately discharged.

The timings for Salāh have been distilled from the commands of Allah Ta’ala and the Sunnah (noble example) of our Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). Countries which are located beyond 48 degrees have perpetual twilight pose an additional problem to the accurate calculation of Salāh timings particularly those of Fajr and ʿIshāʾ.

We have deliberated over the issues and tried our best to ensure that the prayer times are accurate. You can download our App, available on Google Play store and IPhone App Store for mobile access to the prayer times for anywhere around the world.

The Prayertimes given in the App are more accurate, please use the times in the App in case of conflict with the monthly timetables provided.

  1. Download App for Android/Google devices
  2. Download App for iPhone/Apple devices

The App provides accurate Salah times for the whole world. Manual timetables will only be created for special cases.

When a timetable is made available, the name of the city will appear in Green.

Please send us an email on [email protected] to have the timetable listed for your city.

  1. Calculations for obligatory prayers are done as follows:
    1. Fajr: 18 degrees is used to determine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn). During times of perpetual twilight (when 18 degrees is not available) the principle methods employed are Aqrabul-Ayyam and Nisful-Layl. With Aqrabul-Ayyam, the last day when 18 degrees time was available, is used until 18 degrees becomes available again. With Nisful-Layl, the time between sunset and the next sunrise is split into two parts, and the last portion is considered to be Subh Sādiq (i.e. the beginning of Fajr). During perpetual twilight, you should only use one of the two methods – not both; and, you should not switch between the two methods. In the App, we use a different method for calculating Aqrabul-Ayyam and not the absolute last day. Our method is explained in the questions, below.
    2. Ẓuhr: 4 minutes have been added to Istiwāʾ time to determine the start.
    3. Aṣr (Shaf’ae): This is calculated when the shadow reaches a factor of 1 plus the original length of the shadow at Istiwāʾ.
    4. Aṣr (Hanafi): This is calculated when the shadow reaches a factor of 2 plus the original length of the shadow at Istiwāʾ.
    5. Maghrib (Iftaar): 5 minutes have been added to Astronomical sunset time to determine the start, accounting for refraction of light.
    6. ʿIshā: 15 degrees is used to determine the start for all locations which are at 48 degrees latitude or higher. This option in the App is called ʿIshāʾ (al-Shafaq al-Aḥmar). However, due to perpetual twilight and due to the Salah being late it is adjusted due to Haraj. The Haraj calculations are explained in detail in our article entitled Ishāʾ at High Latitudes?. At all locations which are at 48 degrees latitude or lower 18 degrees is used to detrmine the start time and it is called ʿIshāʾ (al-Shafaq al-Abyadh), these locations will not display the Haraj calculations as there is no need.
  2. Non-Obligatory Prayer and other Astronomical Calculations are done as follows:
    1. Salat al-Ishrāq: Salat al-Ishrāq or al-Ḍaḥwa al‑Ṣughrā starts when the sun is above the horizon approximately to the length of a spear. In answering a question about Toronto (Canada), Mufti Rashid Ahmad Ludhianvi (RA) in Ahsanul Fatawa (volume 2) recommends a solar angle of angle 1.4° to commence Salat al-Ishrāq. We consulted Jamia Tur Rasheed (Karachi) on the 19th of May, 2021, and were told that Hazrat (RA)’s method was to observe solar movements in temperate regions; and, in this case, he observed that it took 9 to 11 minutes for the sun to rise sufficiently (in Karachi) and recommended this application to other parts of the world, too. Jamia Tur Rasheed (Karachi) suggested we calculate at a higher value for the United Kingdom. Thus, we suggest calculating the start time for Salat al-Ishrāq to be at 3.0° after sunrise and end time to be at the start of Salat ad-Duha.
    2. Salat ad-Duha: Mufti Ebrahim Desai (HA) recommends the start of Salat ad-Duha to be from mid-morning and the end to be at Istiwāʾ. Thus, we suggest calculating the start time for Salat ad-Duha by subtracting Istiwāʾ from sunrise, dividing the number by 2, and adding the resulting time difference to sunrise to get the start time. The end time for Salat ad-Duha will be at Istiwāʾ.
    3. Nisf al‑Nahār al‑Sharʿī: This is the time (also known as al-Ḍaḥwa al‑Kubrā) by which one may form the intention for fast according to the Ḥanafī Madhab. Thus, we suggest calculating Nisf al‑Nahār al‑Sharʿī as midday point between Fajr and sunset. During the days of perpetual twilight in the UK, Fajr will be estimated using the Nisful Layl method.
    4. Makrooh time after Aṣr: In answering the same question about Toronto (Canada), Mufti Rashid Ahmad Ludhianvi (RA) in Ahsanul Fatawa (volume 2) recommends a solar angle of angle 2.3° (see earlier discussion). Thus, we suggest calculating the start time for Makrooh time to be at 4.0° before sunset.
    5. 1/3rd, Mid and 2/3rd of Sharʿī night: These have some implications for followers of other Madhabs and also for the start of Tahajjud prayers. Thus, we suggest splitting the time between sunset and sunrise into 1/3rd, half way and then 2/3rd using mathematical formulas.
    6. Astronomical sunrise and sunset times: These are the astronomical sunrise and sunset times for the location chosen by the user on a given date.
    7. Astronomical moonrise and moonset times: These are the astronomical moonrise and moonset times for the location chosen by the user on a given date.
    8. Astronomical new Moon conjunction: This is the date and time of the next new Moon conjunction. It should be noted that Islamic months begin and end with the sighting of the Moon and not the birth or presence of the Moon in the sky which can be mathematically calculated.
    9. Moon Phase: This is the phase of the Moon at a given date, the notice about Moonsighting also applies to this calculation.
    10. Moon Illumination: This is the percentage illumination of the Moon at a given date, the notice about Moonsighting also applies to this calculation.
    11. Moon Altitude: This is the altitude of the Moon at a given date, the notice about Moonsighting also applies to this calculation.
    12. Moon Azimuth: This is the azimuth of the Moon at a given date which together with the altitude can be used to assist in Moonsighting, the notice about Moonsighting also applies to this calculation.

Frequently Asked Questions about the Wifaqul Ulama App

Question: Your timetable differs from my local Masjid, why is that?

Only Allah Ta’ala has the knowledge of the unseen, we have no idea!

Question: Sorry about an incomplete question. What I meant to say is that you can help me determine the reasons for the differences?

InshaAllah and with pleasure. We have explained our prayer times are derived and the latitude and longitude of the location is on each page of the timetable. You need to ask your Mosque about the location (i.e. latitude and longitude) they have used and their methods. You then need to ask how they have calculated these times. You will either discover the reasons or be able to send us a more complete question.

Question: Why have you given two different Asar times in your App?

There is a difference of opinion amongst Scholars of different Madhahib on Aṣr times and in order to provide a service to Muslims of differing schools of thought both times have been provided. You should consult your local Scholars and adopt the recommended time, if you are unable to consult a local scholar or check with your local Imam, use Aṣr (Hanafi) time.

Question: Why do the Prayer times (slightly) differ in your iPhone and Android App?

The Java libraries used to calculate prayers times are different and give slightly different results. We have given the reasons to the Scholars and demonstrated the slight differences and Insha’Allah they will not impact your acts of worship.

Question: Why does your Fajar start differ from OpenFajr times when they have used Cameras to capture Fajar times?

We would like to begin by extending our gratitude to you for asking this question. May Allah (SWT) give you the best of rewards (Ameen).

We would like to also extend our gratitude to Dr Shahid Merali and his team for their hard work in generating Interest amongst British Muslims. We particularly like the fact that the background of the research and data is easily accessible for scrutiny.

The fundamental flaw is that Birmingham is located in one of the most light polluted areas of United Kingdom. The start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) is based upon differentiating the first rays of light. OpenFajr is not using any specialised equipment which can account for the light pollution. It is not possible to determine (emerging) rays of light when light already exists!

We have never come across a study which tries to determine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) in a city. The first rule is to move away from light pollution and then study the phenomenon.

Our concerns have been communicated to Dr Shahid Merali, see map of Birmingham (light pollution) and UK below:

Question: Why does your Fajar start differ from the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf, who goes by the pen-name of Talib al-Habib?

The research by Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf is even better! We have rarely come across such detailed, lucid and beautifully elaborated work in any language and may Allah Ta’ala reward him abundantly for his effort and hard work.

However, we have two major concerns with his research which we have communicated to him:

  1. He research is based upon the hypothesis that astronomical twilight varies according to latitude, i.e. astronomical twilight degree will differ between Karachi and London. He does quote evidence for his position, however this is disputed with and disagreed by scientists the world over. Consequently, the evidence cited by him has weakness.
  2. His opinion is based on Tabayyun (for the determination of Fajar) which he admits to be a weaker opinion in the Hanafi Madhab. We deem Tabayyun (for the determination of Fajar) to be not weak but wrong.

Question: What is your recommendation to correctly determine the start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn)?

We agree with the crux of the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf that more observational data (Mushahadah) is needed for United Kingdom. The location to observe must be carefully chosen so the observation is not ruined by light pollution. Until then we recommend 18 degrees as per the near unanimous consensus of Islamic Scholars (the world over).

Question: Why is the time obtained by your Mobile App different to the pdf which I have downloaded from this page?

The App uses your absolute precise location (longitude, latitude and altitude) with pinpoint accuracy while these timetables are generated using postcodes or address. The App (when using GPS) will always be precise and accurate while using postcodes is a blunt method (and does not include altitude). Therefore, we always recommend for you to use the Mobile App.

Question: Why are the times given by you a few days before perpetual twilight are different to HMNAO generated times?

HMNAO uses absolute last day (Aqrabul-Ayyam) and this causes severe problems during leap years. Thus we presented this issue to the Ulama in detail and showed the problem. We were able to demonstrate that at the same location there could be a difference of (10-15 minutes) when compared to a leap year. In order to counter this mathematical issue, we analyzed prayer times of nearly 3,000 postcodes in Britain and arrived at a conclusion that it is better to adopt a 3 day average (near Aqrabul-Ayyam) rather then use the absolute last day like HMNAO. The Ulama have agreed that this will not invalidate the fast in anyway but it is an extremely complex mathematical problem to explain in a short answer. We have demonstrated the problem and the solution to the Ulama and they are satisfied. You can use the Mobile App or utilise Nisful-Layl during the times of perpetual twilight, if you disagree with the solution. Our Mobile App and pdf displays both times for this reason and gives you flexibility.

We understand that some people like to print the timetable and hang it on their refrigerator and wish to use Aqrabul-Ayyam instead of Nisful-Layl, in that case explain the matter to your family or all concerned. Nisful-Layl can be calculated with a high degree of accuracy daily while Aqrabul-Ayyam is a time which is locked throughout the duration of perpetual twilight.

      1. Aberdeen
      2. Bangor
      3. Barrow-in-Furness
      4. Batley
      5. Belfast
      6. Birmingham-Aston
      7. Birmingham-Highgate
      8. Birmingham-Smethwick
      9. Birmingham-Solihull
      10. Birmingham-Stratford
      11. Birmingham-Washwood Heath
      12. Blackburn
      13. Barrow-in-Furness
      14. Bradford
      15. Brighton
      16. Bolton
      17. Cambridge
      18. Cardiff
      19. Carshalton (Surrey)
      20. Chorley
      21. Coventry
      22. Dewsbury
      23. Doncaster
      24. Dudley
      25. Glasgow
      26. Gloucester
      27. Grange-Over-Sands
      28. Gravesend (Kent)
      29. Halifax
      30. High Wycombe
      31. Huddersfield
      32. Saint Helier, Jersey
      33. Keighley
      34. Lancaster
      35. Leeds
      36. Leicester
      37. Liverpool
      38. London-Balham
      39. London-Central
      40. London-Croydon
      41. London-Hackney
      42. London-Harlow
      43. London-Hayes
      44. London-Heathrow
      45. London-Newham
      46. London-Slough
      47. London-Walthamstow
      48. London-Watford
      49. London-Wembley
      50. London-Whitechapel
      51. Longford (Ireland)
      52. Luton
      53. Manchester-Cheetham
      54. Manchester-Didsbury
      55. Manchester-Longsight
      56. Market Harborough
      57. Motherwell
      58. Newcastle
      59. Newhaven
      60. Newport
      61. Nottingham
      62. Nuneaton
      63. Oldham
      64. Oxford
      65. Peterborough
      66. Plymouth
      67. Preston
      68. Purley
      69. Reading
      70. Redbridge-Seven Kings
      71. Rochdale
      72. Rochester
      73. Southampton
      74. St Albans
      75. Stevenage
      76. Stoke On Trent
      77. Swansea
      78. Telford
      79. Wakefield
      80. Walsall
      81. Warrington
      82. Wolverhampton
      83. Wrexham
      84. York