Salah Times 2021

In the Name of Allāh ﷻ, the Most Gra­cious, the Most Merciful.

As-salā­mu ‘alaykum wa-rah­mat­ul­lāhi wa-barakātuh

[4:103] Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believ­ers a decree of spec­i­fied times.

Salāh is the sec­ond pil­lar of Islām and the most impor­tant oblig­a­tion upon Mus­lims. It has to be estab­lished, metic­u­lous­ly cared for and immac­u­late­ly discharged.

The tim­ings for Salāh have been dis­tilled from the com­mands of Allah Ta’ala and the Sun­nah (noble exam­ple) of our Prophet Muham­mad (Peace be upon Him). Coun­tries which are locat­ed beyond 48 degrees have per­pet­u­al twi­light pose an addi­tion­al prob­lem to the accu­rate cal­cu­la­tion of Salāh tim­ings par­tic­u­lar­ly those of Fajr and ʿIshāʾ.

We have delib­er­at­ed over the issues and tried our best to ensure that the prayer times are accu­rate. You can down­load our App, avail­able on Google Play store and IPhone App Store for mobile access to the prayer times for any­where around the world.

The Prayer­times giv­en in the App are more accu­rate, please use the times in the App in case of con­flict with the month­ly timeta­bles provided.

  1. Down­load App for Android/Google devices
  2. Down­load App for iPhone/Apple devices

  1. The App pro­vides accu­rate Salah times for the whole world. Man­u­al timeta­bles will only be cre­at­ed for spe­cial cas­es.
  2. When a timetable is made avail­able, the name of the city will appear in Green.
  3. Please send us an email on [email protected] to have the timetable list­ed for your city.
  4. Salah Cal­cu­la­tions are done as follows:
    1. Fajar: 18 degrees is used to deter­mine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn). When 18 degrees time is not avail­able due to per­pet­u­al twi­light, the prin­ci­ple meth­ods employed are Aqrab­ul-Ayyam (i.e. the last day when 18 degree time is avail­able is used until 18 degrees becomes avail­able again) and Nis­ful-Layl which means that if the time between sun­set and (the next) sun­rise is split into two parts, the last por­tion will be con­sid­ered as Subh Sādiq i.e. the begin­ning of Fajr. You should only use 1 time and not both and you also should not switch between the two times provided.
    2. Dho­har: 4 min­utes have been added to Zaw­al time to deter­mine the start.
    3. Asar (Shaf’ae): This is cal­cu­lat­ed when the shad­ow of an object becomes equal to its shad­ow at Zaw­al plus the orig­i­nal length of the object.
    4. Asar (Hanafi): This is cal­cu­lat­ed when the shad­ow of an object becomes equal to its shad­ow at Zaw­al plus twice the orig­i­nal length of the object.
    5. Maghrib (Iftaar): 5 min­utes have been added to sun­set time to deter­mine the start, account­ing for refrac­tion of light.
    6. Esha: 15 degrees is used to deter­mine the start. How­ev­er, due to per­pet­u­al twi­light and due to the Salah being late it is adjust­ed due to Haraj. The Haraj cal­cu­la­tions are explained in detail in our arti­cle enti­tled ʿIshāʾ at High Latitudes?”
  1. Aberdeen
  2. Ban­gor
  3. Bat­ley
  4. Birm­ing­ham-Aston
  5. Birm­ing­ham-High­gate
  6. Birm­ing­ham-Smeth­wick
  7. Birm­ing­ham-Soli­hull
  8. Birm­ing­ham-Wash­wood Heath
  9. Belfast
  10. Black­burn
  11. Brad­ford
  12. Brighton
  13. Bolton
  14. Cam­bridge
  15. Cardiff
  16. Car­shal­ton (Sur­rey)
  17. Coven­try
  18. Dews­bury
  19. Dud­ley
  20. Glas­gow
  21. Glouces­ter
  22. Grange-Over-Sands
  23. Gravesend (Kent)
  24. Hal­i­fax
  25. Hud­der­s­field
  26. Saint Heli­er, Jersey
  27. Keigh­ley
  28. Leeds
  29. Leices­ter
  30. Liv­er­pool
  31. Lon­don-Bal­ham
  32. Lon­don-Cen­tral
  33. Lon­don-Croy­don
  34. Lon­don-Hack­ney
  35. Lon­don-Har­low
  36. Lon­don-Hayes
  37. Lon­don-Heathrow
  38. Lon­don-Newham
  39. Lon­don-Slough
  40. Lon­don-Waltham­stow
  41. Lon­don-Wat­ford
  42. Lon­don-Wem­b­ley
  43. Long­ford (Ire­land)
  44. Luton
  45. Man­ches­ter-Cheetham
  46. Man­ches­ter-Dids­bury
  47. Man­ches­ter-Longsight
  48. Moth­er­well
  49. New­cas­tle
  50. Newhaven
  51. New­port
  52. Not­ting­ham
  53. Nuneaton
  54. Oxford
  55. Oxford
  56. Peter­bor­ough
  57. Pre­ston
  58. Ply­mouth
  59. Read­ing
  60. Red­bridge-Sev­en Kings
  61. Rochdale
  62. Rochester
  63. Southamp­ton
  64. St Albans
  65. Steve­nage
  66. Stoke On Trent
  67. Swansea
  68. Telford
  69. Wal­sall
  70. War­ring­ton
  71. Wolver­hamp­ton
  72. Wrex­ham
  73. York

Frequently Asked Questions:

Ques­tion: Your timetable dif­fers from my local Masjid, why is that?

Only Allah Ta’ala has the knowl­edge of the unseen, we have no idea!

Ques­tion: Sor­ry about an incom­plete ques­tion. What I meant to say is that you can help me deter­mine the rea­sons for the differences?

InshaAl­lah and with plea­sure. We have explained our prayer times are derived and the lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude of the loca­tion is on each page of the timetable. You need to ask your Mosque about the loca­tion (i.e. lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude) they have used and their meth­ods. You will either dis­cov­er the rea­sons or be able to send us a more com­plete question.

Ques­tion: Why have you giv­en two dif­fer­ent Asar times on your timetable?

There is a dif­fer­ence of opin­ion amongst Schol­ars of dif­fer­ent Mad­hahib on Asar times and in order to pro­vide a ser­vice to Mus­lims of dif­fer­ing schools of thought both times have been pro­vid­ed. You should con­sult your local Schol­ars and adopt the rec­om­mend­ed time, if you are unable to con­sult a local schol­ar or check with your local Imam, use Asar (Hanafi) time.

Ques­tion: Why does your Fajar start dif­fer from Open­Fa­jr times when they have used Cam­eras to cap­ture Fajar times?

We would like to begin by extend­ing our grat­i­tude to you for ask­ing this ques­tion. May Allah (SWT) give you the best of rewards (Ameen).

We would like to also extend our grat­i­tude to Dr Shahid Mer­ali and his team for their hard work in gen­er­at­ing Inter­est amongst British Mus­lims. We par­tic­u­lar­ly like the fact that the back­ground of the research and data is eas­i­ly acces­si­ble for scrutiny.

The fun­da­men­tal flaw is that Birm­ing­ham is locat­ed in one of the most light pol­lut­ed areas of Unit­ed King­dom. The start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) is based upon dif­fer­en­ti­at­ing the first rays of light. Open­Fa­jr is not using any spe­cialised equip­ment which can account for the light pol­lu­tion. It is not pos­si­ble to deter­mine (emerg­ing) rays of light when light already exists!

We have nev­er come across a study which tries to deter­mine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) in a city. The first rule is to move away from light pol­lu­tion and then study the phenomenon.

Our con­cerns have been com­mu­ni­cat­ed to Dr Shahid Mer­ali, see map of Birm­ing­ham (light pol­lu­tion) below:

Ques­tion: Why does your Fajar start dif­fer from the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf, who goes by the pen-name of Tal­ib al-Habib?

The research by Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf is even bet­ter! We have rarely come across such detailed, lucid and beau­ti­ful­ly elab­o­rat­ed work in any lan­guage and may Allah Ta’ala reward him abun­dant­ly for his effort and hard work. 

How­ev­er, we have two major con­cerns with his research which we have com­mu­ni­cat­ed to him:

  1. He research is based upon the hypoth­e­sis that astro­nom­i­cal twi­light varies accord­ing to lat­i­tude, i.e. astro­nom­i­cal twi­light degree will dif­fer between Karachi and Lon­don. He does quote evi­dence for his posi­tion, how­ev­er this is dis­put­ed with and dis­agreed by sci­en­tists the world over. Con­se­quent­ly, the evi­dence sit­ed by him has weakness.
  2. His opin­ion is based on Tabayyun (for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fajar) which he admits to be a weak­er opin­ion in the Hanafi Mad­hab. We deem Tabayyun (for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fajar) to be not weak but wrong.

Ques­tion: What is your rec­om­men­da­tion to cor­rect­ly deter­mine the start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn)?

We agree with the crux of the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf that more obser­va­tion­al data (Musha­hadah) is need­ed for Unit­ed King­dom. The loca­tion to observe must be care­ful­ly cho­sen so the obser­va­tion is not ruined by light pol­lu­tion. Until then we rec­om­mend 18 degrees as per the near unan­i­mous con­sen­sus of Islam­ic Schol­ars (the world over). 

Ques­tion: Why is the time obtained by your Mobile App dif­fer­ent to the pdf which I have down­loaded from this page? 

The App uses your absolute pre­cise loca­tion (lon­gi­tude, lat­i­tude and alti­tude) with pin­point accu­ra­cy while these timeta­bles are gen­er­at­ed using post­codes or address. The App (when using GPS) will always be pre­cise and accu­rate while using post­codes is a blunt method (and does not include alti­tude). There­fore, we always rec­om­mend for you to use the Mobile App. 

Ques­tion: Why are the times giv­en by you a few days before per­pet­u­al twi­light are dif­fer­ent to HMNAO gen­er­at­ed times?

HMNAO uses absolute last day (Aqrab­ul-Ayyam) and this caus­es severe prob­lems dur­ing leap years. Thus we pre­sent­ed this issue to the Ula­ma in detail and showed the prob­lem. We were able to demon­strate that at the same loca­tion there could be a dif­fer­ence of (10–15 min­utes) when com­pared to a leap year. In order to counter this math­e­mat­i­cal issue, we ana­lyzed prayer times of near­ly 3,000 post­codes in Britain and arrived at a con­clu­sion that it is bet­ter to adopt a 3 day aver­age (near Aqrab­ul-Ayyam) rather then use the absolute last day like HMNAO. The Ula­ma have agreed that this will not inval­i­date the fast in any­way but it is an extreme­ly com­plex math­e­mat­i­cal prob­lem to explain in a short answer. We have demon­strat­ed the prob­lem and the solu­tion to the Ula­ma and they are sat­is­fied. You can use the Mobile App or utilise Nis­ful-Layl dur­ing the times of per­pet­u­al twi­light, if you dis­agree with the solu­tion. Our Mobile App and pdf dis­plays both times for this rea­son and gives you flexibility.

We under­stand that some peo­ple like to print the timetable and hang it on their refrig­er­a­tor and wish to use Aqrab­ul-Ayyam instead of Nis­ful-Layl, in that case explain the mat­ter to your fam­i­ly or all con­cerned. Nis­ful-Layl can be cal­cu­lat­ed with a high degree of accu­ra­cy dai­ly while Aqrab­ul-Ayyam is a time which is locked through­out the dura­tion of per­pet­u­al twilight.