Salah Times 2020

In the Name of Allāh ﷻ, the Most Gra­cious, the Most Mer­ci­ful.

As-salā­mu ‘alaykum wa-rah­mat­ul­lāhi wa-barakā­tuh

[4:103] Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believ­ers a decree of spec­i­fied times.

Salāh is the sec­ond pil­lar of Islām and the most impor­tant oblig­a­tion upon Mus­lims. It has to be estab­lished, metic­u­lous­ly cared for and immac­u­late­ly dis­charged.

The tim­ings for Salāh have been dis­tilled from the com­mands of Allah Ta’ala and the Sun­nah (noble exam­ple) of our Prophet Muham­mad (Peace be upon Him). Coun­tries which are locat­ed beyond 48 degrees have per­pet­u­al twi­light pose an addi­tion­al prob­lem to the accu­rate cal­cu­la­tion of Salāh tim­ings par­tic­u­lar­ly those of Fajr and ʿIshāʾ.

We have delib­er­at­ed over the issues and tried our best to ensure that the prayer times are accu­rate. You can down­load our App, avail­able on Google Play store and IPhone App Store for mobile access to the prayer times for any­where around the world.

The Prayer­times giv­en in the App are more accu­rate, please use the times in the App in case of con­flict with the month­ly timeta­bles pro­vid­ed.

  1. Down­load App for Android/Google devices
  2. Down­load App for iPhone/Apple devices

  1. The App pro­vides accu­rate Salah times for the whole world. Man­u­al timeta­bles will only be cre­at­ed for spe­cial cas­es.
  2. When a timetable is made avail­able, the name of the city will appear in Green.
  3. Please send us an email on to have the timetable list­ed for your city.
  4. Salah Cal­cu­la­tions are done as fol­lows:
    1. Fajar: 18 degrees is used to deter­mine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn). When 18 degrees time is not avail­able due to per­pet­u­al twi­light, the prin­ci­ple meth­ods employed are Aqrab­ul-Ayyam (i.e. the last day when 18 degree time is avail­able is used until 18 degrees becomes avail­able again) and Nis­ful-Layl which means that if the time between sun­rise and sun­set is split into two parts, the last por­tion will be con­sid­ered as Subh Sādiq i.e. the begin­ning of Fajr. You should only use 1 time and not both and you also should not switch between the two times pro­vid­ed.
    2. Dho­har: 4 min­utes have been added to Zaw­al time to deter­mine the start.
    3. Asar (Shaf’ae): This is cal­cu­lat­ed when the shad­ow of an object becomes equal to its shad­ow at Zaw­al plus the orig­i­nal length of the object.
    4. Asar (Hanafi): This is cal­cu­lat­ed when the shad­ow of an object becomes equal to its shad­ow at Zaw­al plus twice the orig­i­nal length of the object.
    5. Maghrib (Iftaar): 5 min­utes have been added to sun­set time to deter­mine the start, account­ing for refrac­tion of light.
    6. Esha: 15 degrees is used to deter­mine the start. How­ev­er, due to per­pet­u­al twi­light and due to the Salah being late it is adjust­ed due to Haraj. The Haraj cal­cu­la­tions are explained in detail in our arti­cle enti­tled ʿIshāʾ at High Lat­i­tudes?”
  1. Bat­ley
  2. Black­burn
  3. Bolton
  4. Dews­bury
  5. Hal­i­fax
  6. Hud­der­s­field
  7. Saint Heli­er, Jer­sey
  8. Lon­don-Hack­ney
  9. Lon­don-Hayes
  10. Lon­don-Newham
  11. Peter­bor­ough

Frequently Asked Questions:

Ques­tion: Your timetable dif­fers from my local Masjid, why is that?

Only Allah Ta’ala has the knowl­edge of the unseen, we have no idea!

Ques­tion: Sor­ry about an incom­plete ques­tion. What I meant to say is that you can help me deter­mine the rea­sons for the dif­fer­ences?

InshaAl­lah and with plea­sure. We have explained our prayer times are derived and the lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude of the loca­tion is on each page of the timetable. You need to ask your Mosque about the loca­tion (i.e. lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude) they have used and their meth­ods. You will either dis­cov­er the rea­sons or be able to send us a more com­plete ques­tion.

Ques­tion: Why have you giv­en two dif­fer­ent Asar times on your timetable?

There is a dif­fer­ence of opin­ion amongst Schol­ars of dif­fer­ent Mad­hahib on Asar times and in order to pro­vide a ser­vice to Mus­lims of dif­fer­ing schools of thought both times have been pro­vid­ed. You should con­sult your local Schol­ars and adopt the rec­om­mend­ed time, if you are unable to con­sult a local schol­ar or check with your local Imam, use Asar (Hanafi) time.

Ques­tion: Why does your Fajar start dif­fer from Open­Fa­jr times when they have used Cam­eras to cap­ture Fajar times?

We would like to begin by extend­ing our grat­i­tude to you for ask­ing this ques­tion. May Allah (SWT) give you the best of rewards (Ameen).

We would like to also extend our grat­i­tude to Dr Shahid Mer­ali and his team for their hard work in gen­er­at­ing Inter­est amongst British Mus­lims. We par­tic­u­lar­ly like the fact that the back­ground of the research and data is eas­i­ly acces­si­ble for scruti­ny.

The fun­da­men­tal flaw is that Birm­ing­ham is locat­ed in one of the most light pol­lut­ed areas of Unit­ed King­dom. The start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) is based upon dif­fer­en­ti­at­ing the first rays of light. Open­Fa­jr is not using any spe­cialised equip­ment which can account for the light pol­lu­tion. It is not pos­si­ble to deter­mine (emerg­ing) rays of light when light already exists!

We have nev­er come across a study which tries to deter­mine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) in a city. The first rule is to move away from light pol­lu­tion and then study the phe­nom­e­non.

Our con­cerns have been com­mu­ni­cat­ed to Dr Shahid Mer­ali, see map of Birm­ing­ham (light pol­lu­tion) below:

Ques­tion: Why does your Fajar start dif­fer from the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf, who goes by the pen-name of Tal­ib al-Habib?

The research by Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf is even bet­ter! We have rarely come across such detailed, lucid and beau­ti­ful­ly elab­o­rat­ed work in any lan­guage and may Allah Ta’ala reward him abun­dant­ly for his effort and hard work.

How­ev­er, we have two major con­cerns with his research which we have com­mu­ni­cat­ed to him:

  1. He research is based upon the hypoth­e­sis that astro­nom­i­cal twi­light varies accord­ing to lat­i­tude, i.e. astro­nom­i­cal twi­light degree will dif­fer between Karachi and Lon­don. He does quote evi­dence for his posi­tion, how­ev­er this is dis­put­ed with and dis­agreed by sci­en­tists the world over. Con­se­quent­ly, the evi­dence sit­ed by him has weak­ness.
  2. His opin­ion is based on Tabayyun (for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fajar) which he admits to be a weak­er opin­ion in the Hanafi Mad­hab. We deem Tabayyun (for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fajar) to be not weak but wrong.

 Ques­tion: What is your rec­om­men­da­tion to cor­rect­ly deter­mine the start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn)?

We agree with the crux of the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf that more obser­va­tion­al data (Musha­hadah) is need­ed for Unit­ed King­dom. The loca­tion to observe must be care­ful­ly cho­sen so the obser­va­tion is not ruined by light pol­lu­tion. Until then we rec­om­mend 18 degrees as per the near unan­i­mous con­sen­sus of Islam­ic Schol­ars (the world over).