Salah Times

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gra­cious, the Most Mer­ci­ful.

As-salā­mu ‘alaykum wa-rah­mat­ul­lāhi wa-barakā­tuh (Peace, Bless­ings & Mer­cy of Allah be upon You).

  1. Cities are list­ed in Alpha­bet­ic order.
  2. When a timetable is made avail­able, the name of the city will appear in Red.
  3. Please send us an email on [email protected] to have the timetable list­ed for your city.
  4. Salah Cal­cu­la­tions are done as fol­lows:
    1. Fajar: 18 degrees is used to deter­mine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn). When 18 degrees time is not avail­able due to per­pet­u­al twi­light, the prin­ci­ple method employed is Aqrab­ul-Ayyam (i.e. the last day when 18 degree time is avail­able is used until 18 degrees becomes avail­able again). How­ev­er, using the exact last day caus­es prob­lems par­tic­u­lar­ly dur­ing leap year so the day imme­di­ate­ly before the last is used in con­sul­ta­tion with Schol­ars.
    2. Dho­har: 4 min­utes have been added to Zaw­al time to deter­mine the start.
    3. Asar (Shaf’ae): This is cal­cu­lat­ed when the shad­ow of an object becomes equal to its shad­ow at Zaw­al plus the orig­i­nal length of the object.
    4. Asar (Hanafi): This is cal­cu­lat­ed when the shad­ow of an object becomes equal to its shad­ow at Zaw­al plus twice the orig­i­nal length of the object.
    5. Maghrib (Iftaar): 4 min­utes have been added to sun­setl time to deter­mine the start.
    6. Esha: 18 degrees is used to deter­mine the start. How­ev­er, due to per­pet­u­al twi­light and due to the Salah being late one sev­enth of the night is also cal­cu­lat­ed. British Schol­ars agree that Esha gets too late dur­ing Sum­mer months but there is no con­sen­sus on the alter­na­tive. We have com­pared 18 degrees and one sev­enth (1/7th of the night) and used the ear­li­er times through­out the year.


  1. Bat­ley
  2. Birm­ing­ham
    1. Aston
    2. Cen­tral
    3. Soli­hull
    4. Smeth­wick
    5. West Bromwich
  3. Black­burn
  4. Bolton
  5. Bournemouth
  6. Brad­ford
  7. Bris­tol
  8. Bur­ton upon Trent
  9. Chor­ley
  10. Dud­ley
  11. Leeds
  12. Leices­ter
  13. Liv­er­pool
  14. Lon­don
    1. Cen­tral
    2. Croy­don
    3. Hack­ney
    4. Ilford
    5. Newham
    6. Waltham­stow
    7. Wem­b­ley
  15. Man­ches­ter
    1. Dids­bury
    2. Longsight
    3. Moston
  16. Pre­ston
  17. Red­ding
  18. Red­ditch
  19. Rochester
  20. Southamp­ton
  21. Stoke on Trent
  22. Telford
  23. Wake­field
  24. Wal­sall
  25. Wolver­hamp­ton


  1. Aberdeen
  2. Coat­bridge and Air­drie
  3. Dundee
  4. East Kil­bride
  5. Edin­burgh
  6. Falkirk
  7. Glas­gow
  8. Hamil­ton
  9. Moth­er­well


  1. Cardiff
  2. New­port
  3. Swansea
  4. Wrex­ham

Northern Ireland:

  1. Belfast
  2. Der­ry
  3. Lis­bon
  4. New­town­abbey


  1. Cork
  2. Dublin
  3. Gal­way
  4. Lim­er­ick
  5. Water­ford


Frequently Asked Questions:

Ques­tion: Your timetable dif­fers from my local Masjid, why is that?

Only Allah Ta’ala has the knowl­edge of the unseen, we have no idea!

Ques­tion:Sor­ry about an incom­plete ques­tion. What I meant to say is that you can help me deter­mine the rea­sons for the dif­fer­ences?

InshaAl­lah and with plea­sure. We have explained our prayer times are derived and the lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude of the loca­tion is on each page of the timetable. You need to ask your Mosque about the loca­tion (i.e. lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude) they have used and their meth­ods. You will either dis­cov­er the rea­sons or be able to send us a more com­plete ques­tion.

Ques­tion: Why have you giv­en two dif­fer­ent Asar times on your timetable?

There is a dif­fer­ence of opin­ion amongst Schol­ars of dif­fer­ent Mad­hahib on Asar times and in order to pro­vide a ser­vice to Mus­lims of dif­fer­ing schools of thought both times have been pro­vid­ed. You should con­sult your local Schol­ars and adopt the rec­om­mend­ed time, if you are unable to con­sult a local schol­ar or check with your local Imam, use Asar (Hanafi) time.

Ques­tion: Why does your Fajar start dif­fer from Open­Fa­jr times when they have used Cam­eras to cap­ture Fajar times?

We would like to begin by extend­ing our grat­i­tude to you for ask­ing this ques­tion. May Allah (SWT) give you the best of rewards (Ameen).

We would like to also extend our grat­i­tude to Dr Shahid Mer­ali and his team for their hard work in gen­er­at­ing Inter­est amongst British Mus­lims. We par­tic­u­lar­ly like the fact that the back­ground of the research and data is eas­i­ly acces­si­ble for scruti­ny.

The fun­da­men­tal flaw is that Birm­ing­ham is locat­ed in one of the most light pol­lut­ed areas of Unit­ed King­dom. The start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) is based upon dif­fer­en­ti­at­ing the first rays of light. Open­Fa­jr is not using any spe­cialised equip­ment which can account for the light pol­lu­tion. It is not pos­si­ble to deter­mine (emerg­ing) rays of light when light already exists!

We have nev­er come across a study which tries to deter­mine Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn) in a city. The first rule is to move away from light pol­lu­tion and then study the phe­nom­e­non.

Our con­cerns have been com­mu­ni­cat­ed to Dr Shahid Mer­ali, see map of Birm­ing­ham (light pol­lu­tion) below:

Ques­tion: Why does your Fajar start dif­fer from the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf, who goes by the pen-name of Tal­ib al-Habib?

The research by Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf is even bet­ter! We have rarely come across such detailed, lucid and beau­ti­ful­ly elab­o­rat­ed work in any lan­guage and may Allah Ta’ala reward him abun­dant­ly for his effort and hard work.

How­ev­er, we have two major con­cerns with his research which we have com­mu­ni­cat­ed to him:

  1. He research is based upon the hypoth­e­sis that astro­nom­i­cal twi­light varies accord­ing to lat­i­tude, i.e. astro­nom­i­cal twi­light degree will dif­fer between Karachi and Lon­don. He does quote evi­dence for his posi­tion, how­ev­er this is dis­put­ed with and dis­agreed by sci­en­tists the world over. Con­se­quent­ly, the evi­dence sit­ed by him has weak­ness.
  2. His opin­ion is based on Tabayyun (for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fajar) which he admits to be a weak­er opin­ion in the Hanafi Mad­hab. We deem Tabayyun (for the deter­mi­na­tion of Fajar) to be not weak but wrong.

 Ques­tion: What is your rec­om­men­da­tion to cor­rect­ly deter­mine the start of Subh-Sadiq (True Dawn)?

We agree with the crux of the research of Shaykh Dr Asim Yusuf that more obser­va­tion­al data (Musha­hadah) is need­ed for Unit­ed King­dom. The loca­tion to observe must be care­ful­ly cho­sen so the obser­va­tion is not ruined by light pol­lu­tion. Until then we rec­om­mend 18 degrees as per the near unan­i­mous con­sen­sus of Islam­ic Schol­ars (the world over).